How can future grids be optimized in their physical structure and the corresponding market structure for grid control?


Easy Smart Grid provides a technology that allows safe real time control of flexibility within a grid cell, using price signals directly generated out of grid state variables. Additionally such cells might be interconnected within a cellular grid, with coupling interfaces that use Easy Smart Grid to price and control intercellular energy flow. Such interconnected cells may be of fixed or variable shapes and in diverse structures (independent, hierarchic, polymorphic, horizontal) – so grid and market topology is a very important and interesting topic for deeper research with focus on different details, e.g.:
•    How compares a market design with competing trading subjects to a design with centralized auction (without margin interest, but optimizing transactions)?
•    What are the pro’s and con’s of design options (hierarchical, peer-to-peer, mixed)?
•    Which effect has a cellular grid structure on system resilience?
•    What are the conditions that affect optimum cell structure and size for a cellular grid with fixed cell boundaries?
•    How can congestions be priced advantageously to build polymorphic sub- or split-cells on demand?
•    How resilient are larger cells with polymorphic structure in comparison to fixed cells?