cfaed Publications

Extending a Compiler Backend for Complete Memory Error Detection

Reference

Norman A. Rink, Jeronimo Castrillon, "Extending a Compiler Backend for Complete Memory Error Detection" , In Proceeding: Lecture Notes in Informatics: Automotive - Safety & Security 2017 (Peter Dencker and Herbert Klenk and Hubert Kelle and Erhard Plödereder) , pp. 61–74, May 2017. (Best paper award)

Abstract

Technological advances drive hardware to ever smaller feature sizes, causing devices to become more vulnerable to faults. Applications can be protected against errors resulting from faults by adding error detection and recovery measures in software. This is popularly achieved by applying automatic program transformations. However, transformations applied to intermediate program representations are fundamentally incapable of protecting against vulnerabilities that are introduced during compilation. In particular, the compiler backend may introduce additional memory accesses. This report presents an extended compiler backend that protects these accesses against faults in the memory system. It is demonstrated that this enables the detection of all single bit flips in memory. On a subset of SPEC CINT2006 the runtime overhead caused by the extended backend amounts to 1.50x for the 32-bit processor architecture i386, and 1.13x for the 64-bit architecture x86 64.

Bibtex

@InProceedings{rink_automotive17,
author = {Norman A. Rink and Jeronimo Castrillon},
title = {Extending a Compiler Backend for Complete Memory Error Detection},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Informatics: Automotive - Safety \& Security 2017},
editor = {Peter Dencker and Herbert Klenk and Hubert Kelle and Erhard Pl{\"o}dereder},
year = {2017},
pages = {61--74},
month = may,
abstract = {Technological advances drive hardware to ever smaller feature sizes, causing devices to become more vulnerable to faults. Applications can be protected against errors resulting from faults by adding error detection and recovery measures in software. This is popularly achieved by applying automatic program transformations. However, transformations applied to intermediate program representations are fundamentally incapable of protecting against vulnerabilities that are introduced during compilation. In particular, the compiler backend may introduce additional memory accesses. This report presents an extended compiler backend that protects these accesses against faults in the memory system. It is demonstrated that this enables the detection of all single bit flips in memory. On a subset of SPEC CINT2006 the runtime overhead caused by the extended backend amounts to 1.50x for the 32-bit processor architecture i386, and 1.13x for the 64-bit architecture x86 64.},
file = {:/Users/jeronimocastrillon/Documents/Academic/mypapers/1705_rink_automotive.pdf:PDF},
isbn = {978-3-88579-663-3},
issn = {1617-5468},
url = {https://dl.gi.de/bitstream/handle/20.500.12116/147/paper04.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y},
comment={Best paper award}
}

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https://cfaed.tu-dresden.de/publications?pubId=1322


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