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Surface-initiated Cu(0) mediated controlled radical polymerization (SI-CuCRP) using a copper plate

Reference

Tao Zhang, Yunhao Du, Felix Muller, Ihsan Amin, Rainer Jordan, "Surface-initiated Cu(0) mediated controlled radical polymerization (SI-CuCRP) using a copper plate" , In Polym. Chem., The Royal Society of Chemistry, vol. 6, pp. 2726-2733, 2015. [doi]

Abstract

Surface engineering with polymer brushes has become one of the most versatile techniques to tailor surface properties of substrates for a broad variety of (bio-) technological applications. We report on a new facile approach to prepare defined and dense polymer brushes on planar substrates by surface-initiated Cu(0) mediated controlled radical polymerization (SI-CuCRP) of numerous vinyl monomers using a copper plate at room temperature. The fabrication of a variety of homo-, block, gradient and patterned polymer brushes as well as polymer brush arrays is demonstrated. The SI-CuCRP was found to be strictly surface-confined, of highly living character, proceeds remarkably fast and results in polymer brushes of very high grafting densities. The brush layer thickness can be modulated by the polymerization time or by the distance of the copper plate to the modified substrate. As the copper plate can be reused multiple times, no additional copper salts are added and only minimal amount of chemicals is needed, the simple and low-cost experimental conditions allows researchers from various fields to prepare tailored polymer brush surfaces for their needs.

Bibtex

@Article{C5PY00093A,
author ="Zhang, Tao and Du, Yunhao and Muller, Felix and Amin, Ihsan and Jordan, Rainer",
title ="Surface-initiated Cu(0) mediated controlled radical polymerization (SI-CuCRP) using a copper plate",
journal ="Polym. Chem.",
year ="2015",
volume ="6",
issue ="14",
pages ="2726-2733",
publisher ="The Royal Society of Chemistry",
doi ="10.1039/C5PY00093A",
url ="http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5PY00093A",
abstract ="Surface engineering with polymer brushes has become one of the most versatile techniques to tailor surface properties of substrates for a broad variety of (bio-) technological applications. We report on a new facile approach to prepare defined and dense polymer brushes on planar substrates by surface-initiated Cu(0) mediated controlled radical polymerization (SI-CuCRP) of numerous vinyl monomers using a copper plate at room temperature. The fabrication of a variety of homo-{,} block{,} gradient and patterned polymer brushes as well as polymer brush arrays is demonstrated. The SI-CuCRP was found to be strictly surface-confined{,} of highly living character{,} proceeds remarkably fast and results in polymer brushes of very high grafting densities. The brush layer thickness can be modulated by the polymerization time or by the distance of the copper plate to the modified substrate. As the copper plate can be reused multiple times{,} no additional copper salts are added and only minimal amount of chemicals is needed{,} the simple and low-cost experimental conditions allows researchers from various fields to prepare tailored polymer brush surfaces for their needs."}

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